Caliphate

If you follow the news in the middle east you will often hear the word Caliphate thrown about, referring to an Islamic state. But what does the word mean?

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Caliphate Comments

Caliphate Reviews

The Red Tea Detox
Ggffhjjngfff
Ggffhjjngfff
5 star

Definitely found the podcast to be interesting and a good listen. Thanks.

JH383
JH383
4 star

This turned out to be chilling in the end. I was also very impressed with the quality of journalism. She never took anyone at their word and instead hunted down confirmation and corroboration of each interviewee.

GLDowling
GLDowling
5 star

Definitely a good recommendation to listen

Lauren Chrisee Bee
Lauren Chrisee Bee
5 star

This is perfect, I would love recommendations or production of more information streams with this realistic stance on the Middle East. Nothing but respect for a female reporter taking on this beat.

Kissthebandit
Kissthebandit
5 star

What to say that hasn’t already been accurately described by other reviewers? Simply one of the best examples of journalism I have come across, in any medium. In depth stories from a war torn region, reported with remarkable thoroughness and sensitivity to both subject and listener. Bravo.

Ratethispunk89
Ratethispunk89
5 star

This podcast is the detailed account of an ex-isis police officer. Highly recommend

panda1082
Panda1082
5 star

I highly recommend this podcast. I really didn’t know much about this subject matter before listening and I definitely feel more informed now.

ldlsfkf
Ldlsfkf
5 star

This podcast has captivated me throughout and opened my eyes to a world we so often don’t see. So good.

Carobenoit
Carobenoit
5 star

Wow! She is definitely one of the BEST reporters out there. Her professionalism, and how courageous she is inspired me! amazing! must hear!

ddddddnnnnndndn
Ddddddnnnnndndn
5 star

Fascinating, well produced, perfection

Somebody 1343378$:)
Somebody 1343378$:)
5 star

Really well done investigation

ren calla
Ren calla
5 star

Best podcast I have ever listened to.

Chuck Norris
Chuck Norris

If Chuck Norris sees a Mini Cooper pull up and park, 18 circus clowns had better come out of it!

Can'tfindgoodnickname
Can'tfindgoodnickname
5 star

I didn’t realise how little I knew until I heard this. Fascinating. I wish there was more.

aCupOfLee
ACupOfLee
5 star

The most gripping podcast I’ve listened to yet, with obvious dedication to reporting and production and a story woven hauntingly throughout that left me both informed and questioning further, the world we inhabit!

Nzjemnz
Nzjemnz
5 star

A moving, real account that will grab your attention, open your eyes and make you think.

lowereastsidesplatterpunk
Lowereastsidesplatterpunk
3 star

Great listen, but I’d rather binge listen

Trevor JJ
Trevor JJ
5 star

Well put together and produced. Very insightful, honest and factual.

MustangVee
MustangVee
5 star

Job very well done. Keep up the good work.✌️

George bevan
George bevan
5 star

I enjoyed it so much I have listen to it 3 times now. I’m struggling to find anything as good as this. GB

RayOsunshine13
RayOsunshine13
5 star

Stumbled across this podcast after Adam Buxton said how good it was, also after listening to the American Serial podcasts too. This is superb, exceptional and fascinating if you enjoy investigative journalism. 10/10 in my opinion. GB

Aga0310
Aga0310
5 star

Great reporting, very well done podcast on a truly interesting topic! One of the best podcasts ever heard! GB

Gail Sheehy
Gail Sheehy

To be tested is good. The challenged life may be the best therapist.

Caliphate Wiki

2 Week Diet

A caliphate (Arabic: خِلَافَة‎ khilāfah) is an Islamic state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (; Arabic: خَلِيْفَة‎ khalīfah, pronunciation ), a person considered a political-religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (Muslim community). Historically, the caliphates were polities based in Islam which developed into multi-ethnic trans-national empires. During the medieval period, three major caliphates succeeded each other: the Rashidun Caliphate (632–661), the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) and the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258). In the fourth major caliphate, the Ottoman Caliphate, the rulers of the Ottoman Empire claimed caliphal authority from 1517. During the history of Islam, a few other Muslim states, almost all hereditary monarchies, have claimed to be caliphates.Prior to the rise of Muhammad and the unification of the tribes of Arabia under Islam, Arabs followed a pre-Islamic Arab polytheism, lived as self-governing sedentary and nomadic communities and often raided their neighbouring tribes. Following the early Muslim conquests of the Arabian Peninsula, the region became unified and most of the tribes adopted Islam.The first caliphate, the Rashidun Caliphate, was established immediately after Muhammad's death in 632. The four Rashidun caliphs, who directly succeeded Muhammad as leaders of the Muslim community, were chosen through shura, a process of community consultation that some consider to be an early form of Islamic democracy. The fourth caliph, Ali, who, unlike the prior three, was from the same clan as Muhammad (Banu Hashim), is considered by Shia Muslims to be the first rightful caliph and Imam after Muhammad. Ali reigned during the First Fitna (656–661), a civil war between supporters of Ali and supporters of the assassinated previous caliph, Uthman, from Banu Umayya, as well as rebels in Egypt; the war led to the establishment of the Umayyad Caliphate under Muawiyah I in 661. The second caliphate, the Umayyad Caliphate, was ruled by Banu Umayya, a Meccan clan descended from Umayya ibn Abd Shams. The caliphate continued the Arab conquests, incorporating the Caucasus, Transoxiana, Sindh, the Maghreb and the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus) into the Muslim world. The caliphate had considerable acceptance of the Christians within its territory, necessitated by their large numbers, especially in the region of Syria. Following the Abbasid Revolution from 746–750, which primarily arose from non-Arab Muslim disenfranchisement, the Abbasid Caliphate was established in 750. The third caliphate, the Abbasid Caliphate was ruled by the Abbasids, a dynasty of Meccan origin which descended from Hashim, a great-grandfather of Muhammad, making them part of Banu Hashim, via Abbas, an uncle of Muhammad, hence the name. Caliph al-Mansur founded its second capital of Baghdad in 762 which became a major scientific, cultural and art centre, as did the territory as a whole during a period known as the Islamic Golden Age. From the 10th century, Abbasid rule became confined to an area around Baghdad. From 945 to 1157, the Abbasid Caliphate came under Buyid and then Seljuq military control. In 1250, a non-Arab army created by the Abbasids called the Mamluks came to power in Egypt. In 1258, the Mongol Empire sacked Baghdad, ending the Abbasid Caliphate, and in 1261 the Mamluks in Egypt re-established the Abbasid Caliphate in Cairo. Though lacking in political power, the Abbasid dynasty continued to claim authority in religious matters until the Ottoman conquest of Mamluk Egypt in 1517.The fourth major caliphate, the Ottoman Caliphate, was established after their conquest of Mamluk Egypt in 1517. The conquest gave the Ottomans control over the holy cities of Mecca and Medina, previously controlled by the Mamluks. The Ottomans gradually came to be viewed as the de facto leaders and representatives of the Muslim world. Following their defeat in World War I, their empire was partitioned by the United Kingdom and French Third Republic. The Turkish Republic was proclaimed on 29 October 1923, and as part of the reforms of its first president, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey constitutionally abolished the institution of the caliphate on 3 March 1924.A few other states that existed through history have called themselves caliphates, including the Isma'ili Fatimid Caliphate in Northeast Africa (909–1171), the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in Iberia (929–1031), the Berber Almohad Caliphate in Morocco (1121–1269) and the Fula Sokoto Caliphate in present-day northern Nigeria (1804–1903). The Sunni branch of Islam stipulates that, as a head of state, a caliph may come to power in one of four ways: either through an election, through nomination, through a selection by a committee, or by force. A number of followers of Shia Islam, however, believe a caliph should be an Imam chosen by God from the Ahl al-Bayt (the "People of the House", referring to Muhammad's family).In the early 21st century, following the failure of the Arab Spring and defeat of the self-proclaimed "Islamic State", there has seen "a broad mainstream embrace of a collective Muslim identity" by young Muslims and the appeal of a caliphate as a "idealized future Muslim state" has grown ever stronger.. Education, middle east, Caliphate, 7th century, state, islam, Muhammad, prophet, Arabic, successor, steward, deputy, Muslim, golden age, Rashidun, Shia, Sunni, Mohammed, Ali, learn, fact, facts, history, well actually, Umayyad, dynasty, Abbasids, Fatimids, Ottomans, ottoman, Islamist, mythical, Islamic, countries, nations, conquests, war, dark age, middle ages, North Africa, asia, Spain, Exeter University, nostalgic, nation, how, why, when, arabs, arab,

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