If you follow the news in the middle east you will often hear the word Caliphate thrown about, referring to an Islamic state. But what does the word mean?
Caliphate Podcast Video Statistics
I never expected a Podcast about the Caliphate would be so incredibly interesting. Honestly, I didn’t ever have interest in learning about the Caliphate, but this podcast was so gripping. Recommend! Great job!
Can a podcast win a Pulitzer? This is a deserving piece, a deep-dive into ISIS and extremism that is enlightening, captivating, and terrifying.
I listen to a lot of podcasts, and this is one of the best so far. Hard to stomach at times, but so important, as it helps westerners like me understand the utter hell people have endured under ISIS rule. Heartbreaking and eye opening, I recommend for anyone wanting to educate themselves on the Middle East, and our current social climate the world over.
Riveting - and sobering -stuff- one of the best podcast series I have ever listened to. Cheesy sound effects could have been dispensed with. They are unnecessary, especially with a narrative such as this.
Incredibly engaging and thought provoking.
If Canada had any balls at all they would water board everyone involved and then kill this sob.
Great podcast! In-depth and full of info while staying accessible and interesting
Thank you Rakmini & team for your riveting reporting. I am devastated & deeply emotionally effected by this. You are doing good in the world by exposing us to this horror. My heart & love extended in sincerity & humility to the victims of this evil regime.
I wasn’t really fascinated by ISIS until listening to this podcast. Well researched and insightful!
This podcast was amazing and stayed with me for days after finishing it. I want more!!
Chuck Norris KNOWS where Waldo is.
A moving, real account that will grab your attention, open your eyes and make you think.
Excellent in depth and compelling storytelling that delves in behind the headlines
Engaging storytelling, emotive content. Stunning work.
A fascinating, well produced and meticulously researched look at terrorism that is a must-listen. GB
Absorbing podcast, well researched and give one an insight into the politics behind the rise of ISIS. Rukmini has a really soothing voice as well. GB
So interesting and informative .Thank goodness for investigative journalists like this. GB
I'm not interested in age. People who tell me their age are silly. You're as old as you feel.
A caliphate (Arabic: خِلافة khilāfah) is an Islamic state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (; Arabic: خَليفة khalīfah, pronunciation ), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (community). Historically, the caliphates were polities based in Islam which developed into multi-ethnic trans-national empires. During the medieval period, three major caliphates succeeded each other: the Rashidun Caliphate (632–661), the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) and the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258). In the fourth major caliphate, the Ottoman Caliphate, the rulers of the Ottoman Empire claimed caliphal authority from 1517. During the history of Islam, a few other Muslim states, almost all hereditary monarchies, have claimed to be caliphates.Prior to the rise of Muhammad and the unification of the tribes of Arabia under Islam, Arabs followed a pre-Islamic Arab polytheism, lived as self-governing sedentary and nomadic communities, and often raided their neighbouring tribes. Following the early Muslim conquests of the Arabian Peninsula, the region became unified and most of the tribes adopted Islam.The first caliphate, the Rashidun Caliphate, was established immediately after Muhammad's death in 632. The four Rashidun caliphs, who directly succeeded Muhammad as leaders of the Muslim community, were chosen through shura, a process of community consultation that some consider to be an early form of Islamic democracy. The fourth caliph, Ali, who, unlike the prior three, was from the same clan as Muhammad (Banu Hashim), is considered by Shia Muslims to be the first rightful caliph and Imam after Muhammad. Ali reigned during the First Fitna (656–661), a civil war between supporters of Ali and supporters of the assassinated previous caliph, Uthman, from Banu Umayya, as well as rebels in Egypt; the war led to the establishment of the Umayyad Caliphate under Muawiyah I in 661. The second caliphate, the Umayyad Caliphate, was ruled by Banu Umayya, a Meccan clan descended from Umayya ibn Abd Shams. The caliphate continued the Arab conquests, incorporating the Caucasus, Transoxiana, Sindh, the Maghreb and the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus) into the Muslim world. The caliphate had considerable acceptance of the Christians within its territory, necessitated by their large numbers, especially in the region of Syria. Following the Abbasid Revolution from 746–750, which primarily arose from non-Arab Muslim disenfranchisement, the Abbasid Caliphate was established in 750. The third caliphate, the Abbasid Caliphate was ruled by the Abbasids, a dynasty of Meccan origin which descended from Hashim, a great-grandfather of Muhammad, making them part of Banu Hashim, via Abbas, an uncle of Muhammad, hence the name. Caliph al-Mansur founded its second capital of Baghdad in 762 which became a major scientific, cultural and art centre, as did the territory as a whole during a period known as the Islamic Golden Age. From the 10th century, Abbasid rule became confined to an area around Baghdad. From 945 to 1157, the Abbasid Caliphate came under Buyid and then Seljuq military control. In 1250, a non-Arab army created by the Abbasids called the Mamluks came to power in Egypt. In 1258, the Mongol Empire sacked Baghdad, ending the Abbasid Caliphate, and in 1261 the Mamluks in Egypt re-established the Abbasid Caliphate in Cairo. Though lacking in political power, the Abbasid dynasty continued to claim authority in religious matters until the Ottoman conquest of Mamluk Egypt in 1517.The fourth major caliphate, the Ottoman Caliphate, was established after their conquest of Mamluk Egypt in 1517. The conquest gave the Ottomans control over the holy cities of Mecca and Medina, previously controlled by the Mamluks. The Ottomans gradually came to be viewed as the de facto leaders and representatives of the Muslim world. Following their defeat in World War I, their empire was partitioned by the United Kingdom and French Third Republic, and on 3 March 1924, the first President of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, as part of his reforms, constitutionally abolished the institution of the caliphate. A few other states that existed through history have called themselves caliphates, including the Isma'ili Fatimid Caliphate in Northeast Africa (909–1171), the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in Iberia (929–1031), the Berber Almohad Caliphate in Morocco (1121–1269) and the Fula Sokoto Caliphate in present-day northern Nigeria (1804–1903). The Sunni branch of Islam stipulates that, as a head of state, a caliph may come to power in one of four ways: either through an election, through nomination, through a selection by a committee, or by force. Followers of Shia Islam, however, believe a caliph should be an Imam chosen by God from the Ahl al-Bayt (the "Family of the House", referring to Muhammad's family). In the early 21st century, following the failure of the Arab Spring and defeat of the self-proclaimed "Islamic State", there has seen "a broad mainstream embrace of a collective Muslim identity" by young Muslims and the appeal of a caliphate as a "idealized future Muslim state" has grown ever stronger.. Education, middle east, Caliphate, 7th century, state, islam, Muhammad, prophet, Arabic, successor, steward, deputy, Muslim, golden age, Rashidun, Shia, Sunni, Mohammed, Ali, learn, fact, facts, history, well actually, Umayyad, dynasty, Abbasids, Fatimids, Ottomans, ottoman, Islamist, mythical, Islamic, countries, nations, conquests, war, dark age, middle ages, North Africa, asia, Spain, Exeter University, nostalgic, nation, how, why, when, arabs, arab,
Caliphate Podcast News
- U.S. Forces Begin Withdrawing From Syria - The surprise announcement threatened to set off a scramble for the void that American troops would leave behind.
- Teenager Captured With ISIS Fighters Is From Trinidad, Not the U.S., Officials Say - United States Army vehicles in Hajin, Syria. A 16-year-old boy from Trinidad was captured on the battlefield in Syria this week with Islamic State fighters.
- Turkey dismisses Trump threat to economy over Syrian Kurds - The US president has vowed to "devastate" Turkey's economy if it attacks Kurdish fighters in Syria.
- Amid confusion Trump admin signals Syria pullout won't be rapid - President Donald Trump and senior defense officials met to discuss the planned Syria troop withdrawal Wednesday, as his national security team continued to send conflicting signals about the planned pullback that has roiled relations with NATO-ally Turkey.