Genius Is Not about Excelling at Something—It's about Doing Things Differently | Eric Weinstein

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We want our surgeons to be excellent. We wants our classical music performers to be excellent. But do we really want excellence everywhere? This is the provocative line of thought economist and mathematician Eric Weinstein is currently chasing. We've figured out how to reliably teach excellence, which is useful — but there is a trade-off. Individuals and education institutions become hyper-focused on cutting variant individuals to a certain shape, pushing them into a mold so they can passably imitate the "excellent" population, but not really perform. "The key question is: who are these high-variance individuals? Why are our schools filled with dyslexics? Why are there so many kids diagnosed with ADHD? My claim is these are giant underserved populations who are not meant for the excellence model." To that end, Weinstein suggests that the label of 'learning disabled' is severely misguided. Perhaps we should call this phenomenon what it more accurately is: a teaching disability. How much genius is squandered by muting the strengths of these populations?

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I think that very few people see the words 'excellence' or 'consensus' as anything other than the most positive of words. These are the habits that most people seek to cultivate. They wish to be part of the consensus. They wish to be excellent in both their behavior and hope for excellent outcomes. I think the problem is that, we didn’t realize that excellence so far as it goes is fine but it’s involved in a trade-off. And that trade-off has to do with the fact that excellence is really about quality control. It’s about the fact that if I’m going to go for, let’s say, a classical music concert, I want to assume that the piece will be played flawlessly and I will concentrate only on the interpretive aspects of the piece above that. But, in fact, quality control can be deadly. For example, if in a jazz date where an improviser takes few risks the music may be pleasant enough as background music but it’s scarcely the sort of thing that would have animated the bebop generation who played live dates under open-mic conditions never knowing what would happen next. Perhaps the most famous jazz album of all time was Miles Davis’ 'Kind of Blue', and if you look at the sheet music for that date almost nothing was written down. It was just a question of bringing the most amazing minds together. And you can even hear a few flaws on that album which make it so exciting.

So I think that the problem is that, we have to realize that excellence is about hill climbing. It’s about the fabled 10,000 hours. It’s about practice making perfect. And this is something that, to the credit of excellence, it’s something we do know how to teach. Perhaps we don’t know how to teach everyone how to achieve it but there’s always a class of people who through dedicated repetition will be able to bring their variance under extraordinary pressure so that they are reliable members of our society. We want this in our surgeons, often. We want this in our classical music performers. But the question is: do we want it everywhere? And because we do know how to teach excellence we’ve blinded ourselves to the role that a different thought process is involved in, which I would associate with genius. The key question is: who are these high-variance individuals? Why are our schools filled with dyslexics? Why are there so many kids diagnosed with ADHD? My claim is these are giant underserved populations who are not meant for the excellence model. They are meant to be the innovators, the people who bring us new forms of music that others will seek to perfect and hone in their performance.

And, in fact, the problem is, is that we don’t realize that genius is really about adaptive valley crossing. It’s about taking on risk, taking on cost, doing things that make almost no sense to anyone else and can only be shown to have been sensible after the fact because, in fact, and I think, you know, Jim Watson said this beautifully, he said if you’re really going to do anything big you are by definition unqualified to do it. So the entire culture of credentialism, of professionalism, is really a culture of excellence. But, in fact, society is run by power laws. The very thick tails of these distributions suggest that life isn’t normally distributed but distributed by power laws. And we need a special class of people to play those tails, to get us the returns, to power us forward and advance society. And so what I’m really interested in is not being blinded by excellence to the prospects for other modalities, in particular genius.

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junk junk
Junk junk
04 September 2019

now they tell me jeez....

zach krauss
Zach krauss
17 July 2019

Beautiful mind

Mike
Mike
03 July 2019

People aren't worth fighting for so the idea of fitting in is a non-issue.

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01 June 2019

Judging by the comments, absolute majority (negative and positive) hasn't actually understood the message and operate on very simplistic understanding of this issue. This has been so widely misunderstood by both sides that it actually caused me a temporary mild headache.

Ryan Morris
Ryan Morris
19 May 2019

Kind of Blue is Coltrane not Davis, dude!!

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Todd Boothbee
Todd Boothbee
07 May 2019

The most haunting talk I've heard in a long time.

Pragash Gnana
Pragash Gnana
04 May 2019

I really do have a musical creative inclination, it's like it's in my soul. However my marks in school have never been excellent. I've always felt like a useless and underachieving person when it comes to anything outside of music even though I'm open minded and like learning new things. I hope to shine one day because I can never picture myself working in a cubicle office 9-5

Edmond Rostand
Edmond Rostand
04 May 2019

A man is not old as long as he is seeking something.

Optimus Phoenix Prime
Optimus Phoenix Prime
03 May 2019

Things differently 🕵️‍♀️ No shite https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=keE-K2Q7g4s

MatcheWhispers
MatcheWhispers
17 April 2019

If I wanted to hear a white guy explain Jazz to me I'd watch La La Land.

WastedstupiD
WastedstupiD
17 April 2019

Confuse is wisdom. - WastedstupiD -

Chuck Norris
Chuck Norris
23 September 2019

If Chuck Norris gets pulled over, HE lets the policeman off with a warning.

Ty -
Ty -
30 March 2019

Being one of those people who "does things differently", I've found that much of the effort I have to expend in my pursuit of innovation is directed towards the resistance I encounter in others who constantly question why I have to be so different in the first place! It's as if the very fact that I'm different is inherently threatening to them.

Genius Is Not about Excelling at Something—It's about Doing Things Differently | Eric Weinstein Wiki

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A genius is a person who displays exceptional intellectual ability, creative productivity, universality in genres or originality, typically to a degree that is associated with the achievement of new advances in a domain of knowledge. Despite the presence of scholars in many subjects throughout history, many geniuses have shown high achievements in only a single kind of activity.There is no scientifically precise definition of a genius, and the question of whether the notion itself has any real m... Big Think, BigThink, BigThink.com, Education, Educational, Lifelong Learning, EDU, eric weinstein, excellence, genius, knowledge, teaching, learning disability,

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