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What is the China?

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau. China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations, in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty in 21st century BCE. Since then, China has expanded, fractured, and re-unified numerous times. In the 3rd century BCE, the Qin reunited core China and established the first Chinese empire. The succeeding Han dynasty, which ruled from 206 BC until 220 AD, saw some of the most advanced technology at that time, including papermaking and the compass, along with agricultural and medical improvements. The invention of gunpowder and movable type in the Tang dynasty (618–907) and Northern Song (960–1127) completed the Four Great Inventions. Tang culture spread widely in Asia, as the new Silk Route brought traders to as far as Mesopotamia and Horn of Africa. Dynastic rule ended in 1912 with the Xinhai Revolution, when a republic replaced the Qing dynasty. The Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949, when the Communist Party of China established the People's Republic of China, a unitary one-party sovereign state on Mainland China, while the Kuomintang-led government retreated to the island of Taiwan. The political status of Taiwan remains disputed. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China's economy has been one of the world's fastest-growing with annual growth rates consistently above 6 percent. According to the World Bank, China's GDP grew from $150 billion in 1978 to $12.24 trillion by 2017. Since 2010, China has been the world's second-largest economy by nominal GDP and since 2014, the largest economy in the world by purchasing power parity (PPP). China is also the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army and second-largest defense budget. The PRC is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council as it replaced the ROC in 1971, as well as an active global partner of ASEAN Plus mechanism. China is also a leading member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), WTO, APEC, BRICS, the BCIM, and the G20. In recent times, China has been widely characterized as a global superpower...

@JoseAGuerra: Que barbaridad. Otra persona muere de hambre en la Venezuela socialista del siglo XXI al igual que los millones que murie…

morela (moredelc)

🍀 Impresionantes atracciones de vértigo en China...

Enterémonos 🇪🇸 (Enteremonos)

@TheSolariReport:

Colleen Conroy (TeamEconReport)

@realDonaldTrump: ....are all coming back to the U.S. So is everyone else. We now have the best Economy in the World, the envy of all. G…

Richard Hennessey II (rickhe1)

@OnlyNakedTruth: Since @RahulGandhi mentioned connectivity and transportation. Let's tackle that first. Modi completed Bogibeel bridge…

Dexter (Naveinpai)

@WhiteHouse Drugs are a money-making thing here and our government will never defeat it. There is too much to gain…

Beckyy (grlacrossstreet)

@Ebong_Tamvan: Dan sementara itu d Indonesia,, TOLAK CINA ANTI KAFIR ANTI ASING Woyyy kamvret bego,,melek mata kalian woyy,,mau gitu2 t…

Vincz Ananda (JoeVincz)

@jairbolsonaro: - Eu e meu filho @BolsonaroSP fizemos uma live onde expusemos alguns dos principais pontos desta viagem aos EUA e o que…

Dario Faria (DarioFaria10)

@WhiteHouse He will never end it. The FENTANL comes from China.... Who then sends it to Mexico. Not only are the…

Beckyy (grlacrossstreet)

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rito 中国の誇り! (ritoaste)

@jairbolsonaro: - Eu e meu filho @BolsonaroSP fizemos uma live onde expusemos alguns dos principais pontos desta viagem aos EUA e o que…

Ceci Nierdeman (CeciNierdeman)

plz look at this!every stay plz look at this @StrayKids_China stray kids😭their advertisement appear in time squar…

LLYYuuu (lly_yuuu)

Ok time for the stars of the show. Sui and Han of China! Be ready for a piece of art on ice. #WorldFigure

Justin Lambchop (JustinLambchop)

The superior man is satisfied and composed; the mean man is always full of distress. (Confucius)